周末给村民贡献一篇干货,说说Dean Kamen

ert0000

本站元老
VIP
注册
2005-12-07
消息
16,973
荣誉分数
4,066
声望点数
373
村里教育界,家长界都知道加拿大和美国有个世界级的中学生机器人大赛FRC。这个FRC就是由一个非盈利组织FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology)组织和承办。 这个组织就是由美国现代版爱迪生 Dean Kamen 创办。

Dean Kamen是个犹太人,出生一个普通犹太家庭。在中学时就显示出非凡的天分,在给博物馆打工的时候发现灯光很差,就给人家提建议他由办法把灯光搞得非常漂亮,最后说服博物馆采用他的方案改进照明灯设计和实施,赚了第一桶金。而后一发不可收拾,一直在发明,到目前为止已经有1000项专利。上了一个非藤校的理工大学,二年级就退学专心搞他的发明,著名的自平衡滑轮车和低成本污水变饮用水装置就是他发明的,还发明了很多机器手等,发明的东西太多,自己去查吧。因为美国的专利制度,使得他的才华得到了应有的保护和奖励,由专利带进的收入使得他有更多资源把他的发明狂魔继续发扬光大。从对社会反馈看,他最大的贡献就是用他在发明中专利所得资助了目前世界规模最大的机器人大赛。就是FIRST,这大赛有三个等级,每年吸引好几万全世界各地的青年。他个人的收入也相应提高,现在也是一个亿万富翁,并成为美国国防部的发明机器。

有几个看点
-他的成功故事说明了美国在创新环境的自我调节和培育成功的典型例子。首先是专业制度对这些人的发明的一个保护和奖励。第二是人才的发掘,第三是对社会的反馈。 中美要脱钩,中国就得自己培养自己的这样的发明家,让他们的发明有保护,有奖励。在一个健全的机制下,不需要政府干预,这整个环节就会源源不断的产生发明和影响社会发展的技术突破。中国得好好看看这个发明家成长的故事,建立好的机制和平台,中国人有发明创造力的人很多。古人在非常简陋的技术条件下都能做出惊世的大工程和技术。华人的创造力一点不弱。
-孩子有对理工感兴趣的,家长也可以给孩子转转Dean Kamen的故事,知道这个赛事的创始人的创业故事


Dean Lawrence Kamen (born April 5, 1951) is an American engineer, inventor, and businessman. He is known for his invention of the Segway and iBOT,[2] as well as founding the non-profit organization FIRST with Woodie Flowers.[citation needed] Kamen holds over 1,000 patents. [3]

Early life and family[edit]
Kamen was born in Long Island, New York, to a Jewish family.[4] His father is Jack Kamen, an illustrator for Mad, Weird Science and other EC Comics publications. During his teenage years, Kamen was already being paid for his ideas; local bands and museums paid him to build light and sound systems. His annual earnings reached $60,000 before his high school graduation.[2]

He attended Worcester Polytechnic Institute, but in 1976[5] dropped out before graduating, after five years of private advanced research for the insulin pump AutoSyringe.[6][7]

Inventions[edit]
Kamen is best known for inventing the product that eventually became known as the Segway PT, an electric, self-balancing human transporter with a computer-controlled gyroscopic stabilization and control system. The device is balanced on two parallel wheels and is controlled by moving body weight. The machine's development was the object of much speculation and hype after segments of a book quoting Steve Jobs and other notable IT visionaries espousing its society-revolutionizing potential were leaked in December 2001.[8]

Kamen was already a successful inventor: his company Auto Syringe manufactures and markets the first drug infusion pump.[9]:13 His company DEKA also holds patents for the technology used in portable dialysis machines, an insulin pump (based on the drug infusion pump technology),[9]:19 and an all-terrain electric wheelchair known as the iBOT, using many of the same gyroscopic balancing technologies that later made their way into the Segway.


Kamen on one of his inventions, the Segway

Kamen Stirling Generator 10 coupled to Water Still 12 (from US patent 7,340,879)
Kamen has worked extensively on a project involving Stirling engine designs, attempting to create two machines: one that would generate power, and the Slingshot[10] that would serve as a water purification system.[11] He hopes the project will help improve living standards in developing countries.[12][13] Kamen has a patent on his water purifier,[14] and other patents pending. In 2014, the film SlingShot was released, detailing Kamen's quest to use his vapor compression distiller to fix the world's water crisis.[15]

Kamen is also the co-inventor of a compressed air device that would launch a human into the air in order to quickly launch SWAT teams or other emergency workers to the roofs of tall, inaccessible buildings.[16][17]

In 2009 Kamen stated that his company DEKA was now working on solar powered inventions.[13]

Kamen and DEKA also developed the DEKA Arm System or "Luke", a prosthetic arm replacement that offers its user much more fine motor control than traditional prosthetic limbs. It was approved for use by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in May 2014, and DEKA is looking for partners to mass-produce the prosthesis.[18]



FIRST[edit]
In 1989, Kamen founded FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology), a program for students to get people interested in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). One competition started and run by FIRST is the FRC or FIRST Robotics Competition. In 2017, the organization chose to host two international competitions, one in St. Louis, Missouri, and another in Houston, Texas, each a week apart. From 2018 to 2020, it will be held in Detroit, Michigan, instead of St. Louis, Missouri.

FIRST has many robotics programs for students in grades K-12, including FLL JR. (FIRST Lego League Jr.) for younger elementary school students, FLL (FIRST Lego League) for older elementary school and middle school students, FTC (FIRST Tech Challenge) for middle and high school students, and FRC (FIRST Robotics Competition) for high school students.[19] In 2017, FIRST held the inaugural event of its first olympics-style competition – FGC (FIRST Global Challenge) – in Washington, D.C.

Kamen says that FIRST is the invention he is most proud of, and predicts that the 1 million students who have taken part in the contests so far will be responsible for some significant technological advances in years to come.[20]

Advanced Regenerative Manufacturing Institute[edit]
In 2017, Kamen founded the Advanced Regenerative Manufacturing Institute (ARMI)[21] and launched BioFabUSA[22], a Manufacturing USA Innovation Institute with an $80M grant from the Department of Defense. BioFabUSA's mission is to "...make practical the large-scale manufacturing of engineered tissues and tissue-related technologies, to benefit existing industries and grow new ones"[21] In addition to DoD funding, Kamen brought together a consortium of private sector entities to form a public-private partnership which pledged $214M additional private dollars.[23]

In early 2020, ARMI was awarded a grant from the Department of Health and Human Services to establish the first Foundry for American Biotechnology[24], known as NextFab[25] "to produce technological solutions that help the United States protect against and respond to health security threats, enhance daily medical care, and add to the U.S. bioeconomy"[24].

Awards[edit]
During his career Kamen has won numerous awards. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1997 for his biomedical devices and for making engineering more popular among high school students. In 1999 he was awarded the 5th Annual Heinz Award in Technology, the Economy and Employment,[26] and in 2000 received the National Medal of Technology from then President Clinton for inventions that have advanced medical care worldwide. In April 2002, Kamen was awarded the Lemelson-MIT Prize for inventors, for his invention of the Segway and of an infusion pump for diabetics. In 2003 his "Project Slingshot", an inexpensive portable water purification system, was named a runner-up for "coolest invention of 2003" by Time magazine.[27]

In 2005 he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame for his invention of the AutoSyringe. In 2006 Kamen was awarded the "Global Humanitarian Action Award" by the United Nations. In 2007 he received the ASME Medal, the highest award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers,[28] in 2008 he was the recipient of the IRI Achievement Award from the Industrial Research Institute,[29] and in 2011 Kamen was awarded the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Mechanical Engineering of the Franklin Institute.[30]

Kamen received an honorary Doctor of Engineering degree from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1992[31], Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute May 17, 1996,[citation needed] a Doctor of Engineering degree from Kettering University in 2001,[citation needed] an honorary Doctor of Science degree from Clarkson University on May 13, 2001,[citation needed] an honorary "Doctor of Science" degree from the University of Arizona on May 16, 2009,[citation needed] and an honorary doctorate from the Wentworth Institute of Technology when he spoke at the college's centennial celebration in 2004,[citation needed] and other honorary doctorates from North Carolina State University in 2005,[citation needed] Bates College in 2007,[citation needed] the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2008,[32] the Illinois Institute of Technology in 2008[citation needed] and Plymouth State University in May 2008.[citation needed] In 2015, Kamen received an honorary Doctor of Engineering and Technology degree from Yale University.[33]. In 2017, Kamen was honored with an institutional honorary degree from Université de Sherbrooke.[34]

Kamen received the Stevens Honor Award on November 6, 2009, given by the Stevens Institute of Technology and the Stevens Alumni Association.[citation needed] On November 14, 2013, he received the James C. Morgan Global Humanitarian Award.[35]

Kamen received the 2018 Public Service Award from the National Science Board, honoring his exemplary public service and contributions to the public's understanding of science and engineering.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Will.i.am speaking at the 2011 FIRST kickoff at Southern New Hampshire University with Kamen
In 2007, his residence was a hexagonal, shed style mansion he dubbed Westwind,[12] located in Bedford, New Hampshire, just outside Manchester. The house has at least four different levels and is very eclectically conceived, with such things as: hallways resembling mine shafts; 1960s novelty furniture; a collection of vintage wheelchairs; spiral staircases; at least one secret passage; an observation tower; a fully equipped machine shop; and a huge cast iron steam engine which once belonged to Henry Ford (built into the multi-story center atrium of the house) which Kamen is working to convert into a Stirling engine-powered kinetic sculpture.[citation needed] Kamen owns and pilots an Embraer Phenom 300 light jet aircraft[36] and three Enstrom helicopters, including a 280FX, a 480, and a 480B.[37][38][39] He regularly commutes to work via his helicopters and had a hangar built into his house.[40] In 2016 he piloted a B-2 Spirit bomber at Whiteman AFB, marking the opening of the 2016 FRC World Championship in St. Louis.[41]

He is the main subject of Code Name Ginger: the Story Behind Segway and Dean Kamen's Quest to Invent a New World, a nonfiction narrative book by journalist Steve Kemper published by Harvard Business School Press in 2003 (released in paperback as Reinventing the Wheel).[9]

His company, DEKA, annually creates intricate mechanical presents for him. The company has created a robotic chess player, which is a mechanical arm attached to a chess board, and a vintage-looking computer with antique wood, and a converted typewriter as a keyboard. In addition, DEKA has received funding from DARPA to work on a brain-controlled prosthetic limb called the Luke Arm.[42]

Kamen is a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival's Advisory Board[43] and is also a member of the Xconomists, an ad hoc team of editorial advisors for the tech news and media company, Xconomy.[44]

Dean of Invention, a TV show on Planet Green, premiered on October 22, 2010. It starred Kamen and correspondent Joanne Colan, in which they investigate new technologies,[45]

Kamen was a keynote speaker at the 2015 Congress of Future Science and Technology Leaders.[46]



身价30亿却终身未婚,一项发明拯救10亿人
文章来源: ZAKER 于 2020-08-07 19:39:53 - 新闻取自各大新闻媒体,新闻内容并不代表本网立场!
(被阅读 3865 次)

他一生靠 400 多项发明拯救地球上 10 亿人生命,和乔布斯、比尔盖茨一同跻身 全球十大辍学富翁 行列,但低调的他却鲜有人知。

他被联合国授予至高荣誉,曾拒绝乔布斯 4 个亿,李嘉诚称其为 唯一偶像 。

身价超过 30 亿的他终身未婚,晚年买下一整座小岛过起隐居生活,俨然一个世外高人。



他就是被称为 工匠精神第一人 , 现代版爱迪生 的迪恩卡门。

34051a2041752ebd788b573df53489d1.jpg


问世间是否此山最高,迪恩卡门乘风破浪的一生,让人们看到了人类智慧与精神的真正高度!

01

16 岁赚到第一桶金

从名校辍学拯救无数婴儿


1951 年,迪恩出生在纽约的一个普通家庭,父亲是插画师,母亲是教师。

5 岁的迪恩最钟爱的玩具却是一堆电子零件。

当他无师自通地把一堆零件鼓捣进调光器时,一盏灯光与声波同步的音乐灯诞生了。

音乐被看见,灯光被听见,迪恩的处女作便是这样一个艺术感十足的发明。

a0b059a5fe77d80b2124993e0c8ae194.jpg


转眼到了 16 岁,迪恩在一家天文馆做暑期兼职。迪恩从小对灯光敏感,天文馆老旧的灯光系统自然不入他的法眼。

童年就做出音乐灯的迪恩决定自己发明一套自动感应灯光系统。

结果,设计实验时, 砰 地一声,迪恩的电路板发生意外爆炸,爆炸声还惊动了馆长。

0a01cd076c7fa9e94e6e03bb8c4a683a.jpg


因祸得福。因为这次意外事故,馆长开始留意这个有想法的年轻人。

终于,几经尝试后,迪恩邀请馆长前来观看他做出的灯光系统。

场面只能用惊艳形容。如同迪恩童年的那盏音乐灯,天文馆改进后的灯光系统兼具美感和实用性。

惊吓过后又惊喜的馆长,不仅同意用迪恩的发明取代旧灯光系统,还为迪恩引荐其他博物馆灯光改造的生意,并支付给了小迪恩 1 万美元的报酬。

be7bfc9d53d9d15675bc6dd678f842a2.jpg


就这样,迪恩的第一桶金,瞬间超过了父母工资的总和

不出意外,迪恩把他肉眼可见的的天赋带到了伍斯特理工学院。

这是全美数一数二的理工院校。

可是让人意想不到的是,迪恩刚读到大二,就做出了一个惊人的决定:辍学。

ada23261e4c1de467306ef8215485d4d.jpg


而他辍学的原因来源于学医弟弟的一则求助。

当时,在哈佛医学院学习的弟弟问迪恩:对婴儿的用药剂量如何能做到精准?

迪恩知道,这是一个事关无数婴儿性命的大事。

为了攻克这一难题,迪恩毅然决定中途辍学成立公司。

8218ba8e4c7da4923e2046df837c00d0.jpg


这种高精尖的技术问题,教授们都束手无策,靠一个辍学的大学生能解决吗?

结果,迪恩的发明一经问世,便震惊了医学界。

经过不懈的研究,迪恩研发出的微处理器做到了对婴儿用药剂量的精确控制!

无数婴儿的生命因此得以拯救。

b162b779fa26914cb300d9f44b11433b.jpg


在迪恩一生中 400 多项发明里,有 200 多项是医学发明。

这些发明,和人的生命直接相关。

这不是偶然,发明背后跳动着的是一颗有温度的心灵。迪恩卡门不仅是一个能工巧匠,他更有着一份悲天悯人的情怀。

02

风靡世界的平衡车掀翻博尔特

无所不能的义肢让人重获新 手


这份情怀,让迪恩卡门在发明之路上表现得特别 不商业 ,甚至还拒绝过乔布斯高达四个亿的投资。

早在 2000 年时,迪恩卡门发明的赛格威平衡车一经问世,便引起了包括比尔盖茨,贝佐斯和乔布斯等一众大佬的注意。

60041652b8edecd23693511611010d1b.jpg


这是一个极可能颠覆未来人类出行方式的天才发明。

多年之后,平衡车确实风靡全球,甚至因在田径场直接掀翻博尔特而成功 出圈 。

3f7b2fc2e630c144bd8570908c83f46f.jpg


但在当年,当乔布斯提出要花 6300 万美元投资赛格威平衡车项目时,却被迪恩婉拒了。

因为他认为这不是他最棒的发明。

863809ce9a4111d2b7cc4821062a91f4.jpg


对金钱和财富,迪恩定力十足。

迪恩接下来的发明确实让人看到了他内心真正的追求。

这个发明,不仅科幻感十足,而且切实地改变了无数人的余生。

5c8770683bdf96ea0d5d4d31d7b475bd.jpg


当迪恩卡门因发明名声大噪时,有一位军医向他抱怨: 为什么在科技如此发达的今天,如果有人失去了一只手臂,我们能给他的还只是一只带钩子的塑料棍呢?

迪恩被要求做出一只能让人轻松拿起葡萄干放进嘴里,而且要轻便得适合 50% 女性使用的义肢。

一开始,迪恩觉得这简直是在开玩笑。他对军医说:你们疯了。

0cd2d3f01fc7e552a455d849e25ad9a1.jpg


但军医对迪恩说:迪恩,你能想象吗?当 24 个孩子回来,都已经失去双臂的情形。

听完这话,迪恩动心了。当晚回家后,他一夜未眠,脑海里全在想象一个人要是没有肩膀要怎么翻身。

45b87377d4555b3c5ae76534658343c1.jpg


即使白天的工作非常繁重,迪恩仍旧决定:这件事我非做不可!

于是,迪恩找来公司最顶尖的人员组成研发团队,不惜时间精力以及巨资的投入,誓要发明出一只 上帝之手 。

经过一年的超负荷工作,迪恩发明的义肢问世了。

当试用者查克装上义肢后,他迎来了新生。

dbd55eda5c14c02fdba425d333885839.jpg


查克用义肢或将葡萄放进嘴里,或挥起拳头,全都使用自如。

这个刚装上不久的义肢和曾经的手臂竟没有任何区别!

35bfd3769e2e2618bab125a5aa69d674.jpg


喜出望外的不止是查克。

查克的妻子用颤抖的声音对迪恩说: 查克 19 年没有自己喂过自己了,你现在要么让我们把手臂带回去,要么你把查克带回去。

迪恩回头一看,查克的妻子眼中早已泛起泪花,是感动,也是喜悦。

迪恩长舒了一口气。

给人带去新生的迪恩却说:他并没有给这些试用者带去什么,反而是这些人给他带来的东西更多。

fc3998a6bd77bc5a6212a8841e872ece.jpg


这是他发自肺腑的感受。

在义肢的研发过程中,迪恩去看望过一群残疾军人。

当迪恩询问他们有何需求时,一位坐在远处,失去右臂的大叔笑呵呵地说:我没什么需求,我很幸运我失去的是右臂,因为我是左撇子。

而当桌子推开时,迪恩发现这位大叔没有腿。

迪恩被这份乐观和坚强感动得泪光闪闪。

5f4a6c14660ead5cd8845b42edcbfc14.jpg


这也成了他进行发明创造的核心动力所在。一个好的发明,能够挽救一个家庭,拥有温暖人余生的力量。

迪恩是真正的 用爱发电 。不断投身新发明的他丝毫没有停止脚步。放眼全世界的迪恩,接下来的一项发明让全球 10 亿人都因之获益。

03

让全球 10 亿人喝上干净的水

终身未婚的他晚年隐居小岛


神爱世人。

迪恩越来越多的发明让人觉得他是一个接近于神的发明家。

当他得知全球有近十亿人因为无法安全饮用水,造成每年死亡人数高达十万人时,他下决心要做点什么。

要知道,这些地方往往还伴随着贫穷和其他灾难。

47b2dacab6dfddac4e106006ec0f2ea1.jpg


于是,一项宛如神作的发明诞生了。

你能想象将一根管子插入任何一种被污染的水源中,出水口流出的都是百分百纯净水的发明吗?

这就是迪恩的杰作 -- 弹弓水处理系统。这台机器用极低的功耗和成本,一天可净化 1000 升水,且连续使用 5 年不用维修。

161d14193df5e29043e6f176f9ec60b1.jpg


梦幻般的发明,本来可以为迪恩带来更惊人的商业回报。

但 梦幻制造者 迪恩却把这项投入巨资研发的系统免费赠与世界上的穷人使用。

这样的善举让联合国也授予他至高无上的大奖,但对于迪恩来说,更珍贵的是那些喝到纯净水的孩子们的笑脸。

568d879883080b60636df363a126af05.jpg


把一生的热爱和精力都倾注在发明中的迪恩,本人却终身未婚。

如今 69 岁的他隐居在一个全靠风力涡轮发电的小岛别墅中。

坐拥亿万财富的迪恩,却过着和机械手下象棋取乐的生活。

fcf26a6e1c16558a55b067a87265d497.jpg


看淡虚名浮利,迪恩最关心的还是下一代的成长。

由他举办的 FCR 是全球影响力最大的青少年机器人比赛。

这一赛事迄今已举办 29 年,无数天才少年受其鼓舞汇聚一堂,更多的迪恩卡门正在成长之中。他们将来对世界的改变可想而知。

e33ffd478277e708e4cac40c70553665.jpg


作家木心说:生活的最佳状态是冷冷清清的风风火火。

迪恩卡门无疑就是这种人。

他虽终身未婚,却从不孤独,因为内心充盈。

他没有一纸文凭,但却有极为健全的人格,使他一面既能享受智性的生活,一面又能对人类的苦难抱有极深的同情。

f8f11c0e16b06ac903bdeb5e02b9bf81.jpg


《生活大爆炸》中物理天才谢尔顿说:人穷尽一生追寻另一个人类共度一生的事,我一直无法理解。或许我自己太有意思,无需他人陪伴。所以我祝你们在对方身上得到的快乐,与我给自己的一样多。

愿天才迪恩卡门给自己的快乐,也和他带给世界的幸福一样多。
 

lindamy

时代广场舞照跳
VIP
注册
2005-11-23
消息
21,414
荣誉分数
4,861
声望点数
373
学习了,了不起的牛人!
 

livingeverywhere

你删贴,就说明你特别害怕我说的,相信JB和贺锦丽真赢8100万选票的人,基本上有认知障碍,离他们远点
注册
2008-08-02
消息
9,760
荣誉分数
1,221
声望点数
373
这里的法律环境,对知识产权的保护,使得新技术发明人的利益得到全面的保护与支持,对私有财产的有力保护,才是大力促进发明专利的最有利环境。

如果没有对私有财产的保护,没有对发明创造的知识产权的保护,每个人都只想着人家发明出来了我照抄,弯道超车,就没有人愿意进行发明创造。就像国内,就是没有环境保证新的技术发明出来不会被偷窃获利,人人都知道新的东西出来就被抄袭被盗用,自然也就不会花心思去发明创造。

在北美学习的博士或者工作的教授,拿了这里的技术回国做项目,在某种程度上就是确实就是偷窃这里的知识产权,不过是偷窃后搬运到另外一个大陆上去而已。
 

woow

吓人也看,坚持把戏看完,,,(⌒▽⌒)
注册
2016-09-08
消息
2,763
荣誉分数
439
声望点数
123
Kamen,牛,大牛 :good:
 
顶部