特鲁多政府败诉,加拿大原住民儿童将获数十亿赔偿

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特鲁多政府败诉,加拿大原住民儿童将获数十亿赔偿
卫报 |2021-10-01

英国《卫报》29 日报道,在一名法官驳回特鲁多政府提出的两项法律挑战后,加拿大联邦法院为在福利体系中遭受歧视的原住民儿童提供数十亿加元的赔偿铺平了道路。

两年前,加拿大人权法庭裁定,联邦政府没有为原住民儿童和家庭服务提供适当的资金,是 " 故意和不计后果地 " 歧视居住在保留区内的原住民儿童。

此前法庭裁定,联邦政府必须向每个被从家中带走的儿童支付 4 万加元的赔偿,这是该国人权法案允许的最高赔偿金额。但特鲁多政府没有支付赔偿金,而是表示将对裁决提出上诉,以 " 确保我们付出正确的赔偿 "。

周三,一名加拿大联邦法官写道,法庭的赔偿裁决并非不合理。法官保罗 · 法维尔(Paul Favel)在判决书中写道 :" 没有人能真正怀疑,原住民是加拿大社会中最弱势和最边缘化的成员。法庭意识到了这一点,并合理地试图纠正歧视,同时注意到各方的不同立场。"

报道称,这场赔偿之争可以追溯到 14 年前。当时,加拿大原住民组织原住民儿童与家庭关爱协会和第一民族大会执行董事辛迪 · 布莱克斯托克(Cindy Blackstock)辩称,由于对保留区儿童福利划拨的资金不足,加联邦政府的行为相当于种族歧视。

长期以来,原住民领导人一直批评总理特鲁多反对这两项裁决的决定。批评人士表示,拒绝向儿童提供赔偿的做法,并不符合其政府宣扬的致力于和解的说法。

今年 6 月,加拿大新民主党领袖贾格米特 · 辛格(Jagmeet Singh)提出一项动议,要求联邦政府放弃这些法律挑战。这项动议在下议院获得一致通过。

在 9 月的加拿大议会选举辩论中,辛格再次攻击特鲁多政府拒绝对原住民儿童提供赔偿。他说:" 你不能第一天单膝下跪,第二天就把原住民孩子送上法庭。这不是领导力。" 他指的是特鲁多去年在一次反种族主义抗议活动中下跪的举动。

报道指出,这一具有里程碑意义的裁决受到了原住民领导人和立法者的庆祝。第一民族关怀协会称这一决定是原住民儿童和家庭的 " 巨大胜利 "。第一民族大会在推特上发文写道:" 今天的决定承认了加拿大的歧视造成的个人伤害,并确认原住民应得到公正对待,我们希望加拿大人与我们站在一起,认识到每个孩子都很重要。"
 

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Federal Court upholds landmark compensation order for First Nations children​

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The decision leaves Ottawa on the hook for billions of dollars in compensation​


olivia-stefanovich.jpg

Olivia Stefanovich · CBC News · Posted: Sep 29, 2021 4:00 AM ET | Last Updated: September 29

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Children play in the Attawapiskat First Nation in Northern Ontario. (Chris Wattie/Reuters)
The Federal Court today dismissed an application for a judicial review of a landmark human rights tribunal compensation order for First Nations children — leaving the federal government on the hook for billions of dollars in compensation related to the child welfare system.
Justice Paul Favel said today that the Attorney General of Canada, who had filed the application for a judicial review and a stay of the order from the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal, had "not succeeded in establishing that the compensation decision is unreasonable."
The federal government had argued that the tribunal overreached and was wrong to order Ottawa to pay $40,000 — the maximum allowed under the Canadian Human Rights Act — to each child affected by the on-reserve child welfare system since 2006.
The tribunal also said the parents or grandparents of those children (depending on who was the primary guardian) would also be eligible for compensation, as long as the children were not taken into the child welfare system because of abuse.
Favel wrote that the tribunal "reasonably exercised its discretion" under the Act to "handle a complex case of discrimination to ensure that all issues were sufficiently dealt with and that the issue of compensation was addressed in phases."
The Federal Court also upheld a tribunal ruling that ordered Ottawa to pay $40,000 to each First Nations child (along with their parents or grandparents) who were forced to leave their homes to access services, or who were denied services covered by the policy known as Jordan's Principle.
That policy states that the needs of a First Nations child requiring a government service take precedence over jurisdictional disputes over who should pay for it.
The Jordan's Principle portion of the order covers the period from Dec. 12, 2007 — when the House of Commons adopted Jordan's Principle — to Nov. 2, 2017, when the tribunal ordered Canada to change its definition of Jordan's Principle and review previously denied requests.
Favel dismissed the federal government's argument that the tribunal process was procedurally unfair.

Justice shares thoughts on reconciliation​

In his ruling, Favel also shared his thoughts on how negotiations can help realize the goal of Indigenous reconciliation.
"In my view, the procedural history of this case has demonstrated that there is, and has been, good will resulting in significant movements toward remedying this unprecedented discrimination," he wrote.
"However, the good work of the parties is unfinished. The parties must decide whether they will continue to sit beside the trail or move forward in this spirit of reconciliation."

cindy-blackstock.jpg

Cindy Blackstock is the executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, which filed the original complaint against Ottawa with the Assembly of First Nations in 2007. (CBC)
Cindy Blackstock, executive director of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, launched the human rights complaint that led to the ruling, along with the Assembly of First Nations.
Blackstock told CBC's Power & Politics Wednesday that the ruling was a "complete win" for children.
"And now the question becomes, will the federal government finally put down its sword and stop fighting First Nations children and treat them equally? It would be the first time in the history of the country if they ended their discrimination in federally funded public services," she said.
Blackstock noted that Ottawa could still appeal the decision. She called on Canadians to "speak up" and say they've seen enough injustice.
The ruling was delivered one day before the first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation.
Blackstock urged Canadians observing the day to "send a note to your prime minister saying you heard about this ruling that came down today, and you do not want them to appeal it."
Assembly of First Nations National Chief RoseAnne Archibald likewise called it a "victory for our children and their families."
"We have repeatedly made a reasonable and fair request that Canada stop fighting our kids in court, not only for the sake of truth and reconciliation but also for the healing path forward," Archibald said in a media statement.
WATCH | AFN national chief urges government to move forward with compensation:

Y_ISO_PNP_CHIEF_ROSEANNE_ARCHIBALD_29SE_frame_7799.jpg


AFN national chief urges government to move forward with compensation​

2 days ago
2:28
National Chief RoseAnne Archibald says that in light of today's Federal Court ruling, the federal government must move forward with compensating Indigenous children. 2:28

Will feds appeal?​

Indigenous Services Minister Marc Miller told CBC News the government needs time to review the decision before deciding whether it will seek an appeal.
"There are limits to the CHRT's jurisdiction, and that was one of the challenges insofar as the court could only award $40,000," Miller said.
"There are presumably a number of children that have suffered much more egregious harm and are entitled to more compensation."
Miller said the government is open to negotiation.
"This decision actually does provide clarity on a number of issues," Miller said.
"I can say to any Canadian or Indigenous person listening that we are moving forward in discussions with the parties involved to make sure that people are properly compensated."
The federal government's filing said the human rights case was about systemic discrimination, and it responded by increasing funding and changing the system.
The government's application called for a court order to set aside the tribunal's decision and dismiss the claim for monetary compensation, or an order to set aside the tribunal's decision and refer the matter back to the tribunal for review.
In its reasons for arguing the tribunal erred, the federal government took issue with the conclusion that discrimination in Canada's policy for funding child and family services on-reserve and in Yukon is ongoing.
The compensation order followed a 2016 tribunal decision that found the federal government discriminated against First Nations children by underfunding the on-reserve child welfare system.
The tribunal directed Ottawa to enter discussions with the First Nations Family Caring Society and the Assembly of First Nations, which filed the initial human rights complaint in 2007. The negotiations would determine the best independent process to distribute the compensation and decide who qualifies.
Some estimates place the number of potentially affected children at about 50,000, with the largest numbers in the Prairies and British Columbia. The ruling also covers First Nation children in Yukon.
WATCH | Indigenous Services Minister reacts to decision:

Miller.PNG


Federal Court upholds landmark compensation order for First Nations children​

2 days ago
8:35
Minister of Indigenous Services Marc Miller joins Power & Politics to talk about the Federal Court's decision to uphold a landmark ruling by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal ordering compensation for First Nations children affected by the on-reserve child welfare system. 8:35

'Absolute victory'​

NDP MP Charlie Angus said in a statement Wednesday that the decision was an "absolute victory" for First Nations children.
"For six years, [Prime Minister] Justin Trudeau spent millions fighting the rights of Indigenous children and trying to overturn a ruling that found his government guilty of 'wilful and reckless' discrimination against vulnerable Indigenous kids," Angus said. "The court has thrown his case out."
Angus called on Trudeau to "immediately end his legal battle against First Nation children and accept his responsibility to deal with their systemic denial of rights."
The federal government's decision to challenge the order drew widespread condemnation from First Nations leaders, the NDP, the Green Party and human rights organizations like Amnesty International.
In a statement, Amnesty International urged government to compensate First Nations children, youth and families without delay.
"The federal government never should have taken Indigenous children to court in the first place," said Ketty Nivyabandi, secretary general of Amnesty International Canada's English-speaking branch.
"Today's decision — a day before the first annual National Day of Truth and Reconciliation — signals a step towards justice for First Nations children."
 

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终归是开始了。土豆的道歉,是虚的,联邦拨款是毛毛雨,但是这个官司一旦输了,加拿大人一起跟着偿债的时代开始了。这只是个开始。

不过话说回来,不管谁做的恶,老天饶过谁?

做移民的,本来无关,过来享受加拿大好山好水,跟着负点代价也应该。何况经济危机的未来,加拿大资源国家,会相对舒服一些。资源本来就是土著的,咱们也无话可说。

总之,苍天饶过谁。

美国的土著问题,还没抬头,黑人问题更突出,不过终有一天,美国也要处理土著问题。美国的问题是,土著被分散融合的比较厉害。土著发声更困难。

只希望,加拿大不要仅仅用钱压。最后搞成一个,吃闲饭的民族。那时候,冤死的孩子真的是冤死了。
 

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这几十亿从哪来?还不是辛辛苦苦工作的人们交的税?我们得罪谁了,歧视谁啦?为什么我们掏钱?
 

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你是移民吧,移民用加拿大的山水资源吧,享受比国内更多的干净空气吧。“加拿大是土著的”。First Nation
 

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世道好轮回,会不会现在政府强迫所有人打疫苗,多年后各种副作用显现,届时人们向政府要求赔偿?
 

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政府和疫苗厂商, 完全免责. 好像法律分析是这么说的.
 

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你是移民吧,移民用加拿大的山水资源吧,享受比国内更多的干净空气吧。“加拿大是土著的”。First Nation
这个说法不成立,为啥加拿大是土著的,土著连个国家都没有,就是一些部落而已。
 

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况且寄宿学校的事找天主教会去,让全体加拿大人包括后代买单不合适。现在这些左派政府喜欢做的就是搞政治正确,然后让国民买单。
 

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好吧,那你把土豆叫过来,好好地训一顿!把几十亿追回来。

这个说法不成立,为啥加拿大是土著的,土著连个国家都没有,就是一些部落而已。
 

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况且寄宿学校的事找天主教会去,让全体加拿大人包括后代买单不合适。现在这些左派政府喜欢做的就是搞政治正确,然后让国民买单。

架不住有人愿意选左派啊,不过我估计谁上台都没用,法院是独立的,判下来改不了了。前两天小孩家长会,白人老师上来就说了一堆给原住民道歉的话,并且表示要在教学过程中注入更多的关于这方面的内容。我们家长倒听的云里雾里,心说这都哪跟哪啊,正经教学怎么一句不说。你看,这就是民意啊,不得不说,加拿大这个国家整体还是很善良的。
 

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赶紧滴不要收4万阿富汗难民,好省钱赔给人家原住民.
 

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所在地
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终归是开始了。土豆的道歉,是虚的,联邦拨款是毛毛雨,但是这个官司一旦输了,加拿大人一起跟着偿债的时代开始了。这只是个开始。

不过话说回来,不管谁做的恶,老天饶过谁?

做移民的,本来无关,过来享受加拿大好山好水,跟着负点代价也应该。何况经济危机的未来,加拿大资源国家,会相对舒服一些。资源本来就是土著的,咱们也无话可说。

总之,苍天饶过谁。

美国的土著问题,还没抬头,黑人问题更突出,不过终有一天,美国也要处理土著问题。美国的问题是,土著被分散融合的比较厉害。土著发声更困难。

只希望,加拿大不要仅仅用钱压。最后搞成一个,吃闲饭的民族。那时候,冤死的孩子真的是冤死了。
应该要加拿大的英法裔人偿债才对。
 

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应该要加拿大的英法裔人偿债才对。
其实应该教会多赔点,其他移民也分摊点比较公平。 事儿是教会干的,多赔应该。移民么,总之,占用了原本属于原住民的土地和资源。。。 加拿大和美国不一样,当初原住民和早期移民是有正经协议的,是‘分享土地和资源’。现在多数“好资源”都没在原住民手里了。
只是希望这钱用在合适的地方,改善原住民的教育和居住条件,增加他们的就业机会是正途。要是简单的把钱发下去,反而是害了他们。
 
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