Why India’s souring relations with Canada could have wider implications for the west | Chietigj Bajpaee
If true, a state-sponsored assassination in British Columbia would suggest a new, brazenly aggressive foreign policy from New Delhi, says Dr Chietigj Bajpaee, a senior fellow at Chatham House
Why India’s souring relations with Canada could have wider implications for the west
标题就明显把印度跟“the west”分开了，加拿大代表“the west”
However, is there a dark side to India playing a more assertive role on the world stage? It has already come under criticism for its position on the war in Ukraine, notwithstanding Modi’s much publicised statement that “today’s era must not be of war”. The spat with Canada points to two additional facets of Indian diplomacy: first, that India could be becoming more prone to taking offence at actions that challenge its sovereignty and status; and second, that it may be more willing to retaliate against such actions.
Interestingly, both have parallels with China. This points to both countries’ foreign policies being rooted less in the ideologies of their ruling parties – Hindu nationalism for the BJP and Marxism-Leninism in the case of the Chinese Communist party – and more in the self-perception that they are civilisational states that deserve to be treated as major global powers. Related to this, both countries cling to a need to correct historical injustices. China’s “100 years of humiliation” by the west and Japan is matched by India’s “200 years of humiliation” under British colonial rule.
Like China, India has also demonstrated a willingness to employ tools of economic coercion as a form of punishment, notably the prospect of access to its vast market of 1.4 billion people. After the recent tit-for-tat diplomatic expulsions by Canada and India, the likelihood of concluding a free-trade agreement between the countries is negligible for the foreseeable future, despite nine rounds of negotiations (the most recent in July). This is a warning to other countries that have also had tensions over alleged anti-Indian activities on their soil, including the UK: pursuing free-trade negotiations with India might prove difficult.
China’s “100 years of humiliation” by the west and Japan is matched by India’s “200 years of humiliation” under British colonial rule.